Food alone is an excellent reason to visit Japan. All those mouth-watering teppanyaki, sukiyaki, okonomiyaki and other yaki… And all the delicious ramen and udon and soba and other noodle delicacies… And all the amazing sushi and sashimi… Famous and fabulous, Japanese food will tickle your taste buds and make them scream with happiness. Yup, Japan is a gastronomic paradise!
With so much choice available, eating out in Japan might perhaps seem a little bit intimidating for first-time visitors to the country. However, with a little bit of knowledge and preparation, you’re virtually guaranteed to turn your trip to Japan into an unforgettable gastronomical experience. That’s why we have this handy guide to famous Japanese food ready for you.
Useful things to know about eating out in Japan
- Most of the restaurants specialize in one type of meal, such as sushi, ramen or okonomiyaki. Not many restaurants offer English menus, however, most of the restaurants have pictures of all the meals or even plastic models. This makes choosing and ordering your food relatively easy.
- Some of the restaurants (typically ramen joints) use vending machines for ordering your meal. You press the button for the meal you want, pay, get a ticket that you show the staff, sit down and you’ll get your meal soon. Mostly the buttons would be in Japanese only, but don’t worry, as the Japanese are keen to help. Do you know what you’d like? Do you have a picture of it? This is where a bit of knowledge, preparation and googling in advance helps 😊
- There are still many restaurants that accept cash payment only, so having some cash with you is always handy in Japan. Tipping is not practised in restaurants.
- Many restaurants offer water and/or green tea for free.
- The price range is huge – you can have a tasty bento lunch box from a convenience store or ramen from a vending machine for 6 EUR (7 USD) or an excellent Kobe beef steak for more than a hundred dollars, and everything in between.
The great news is that most of the meals are much closer to the cheaper end. While the food in Japan is generally more expensive than elsewhere in Asia, it is in fact cheaper than in the USA or Western Europe.
- Another great news is that many great restaurants offer excellent value lunch menus. And yet another great news is that you can have lunch in a Michelin-starred restaurant in Tokyo for 10 EUR (11 USD). Where else in the world would this be possible?
What is some of the famous Japanese food you should try?
Sushi and sashimi
Probably no introduction needed here, just some raw fish or seafood, some sushi rice…
Sushi and sashimi are usually served cold and eaten with a bit of soy sauce.
From no-frills sushi bars where your sushi comes to you on a conveyor belt to high-end restaurants, the choice of where to have this traditional Japanese food is huge.
Related: Tokyo 2 day itinerary
A great place for some delicious sushi is the area around Tsukiji Outer Market in Tokyo. This place offers many good-quality sushi places, such as Tsukiji Sushi Say Honten. Watch the chefs as they prepare your sushi and then enjoy it.
Crispy shrimps and other seafood, as well as different kinds of vegetables or mushrooms lightly battered in egg and flour and deep-fried in oil.
Most commonly eaten with a “ten-tsuyu” – a dipping sauce made of dashi soup stock, soy sauce, and sweet rice wine (mirin).
It can be both a main meal – eaten by itself with the ten-tsuyu sauce, or as a part of some other meals, for example, ten-don (a bowl of rice with tempura on top that has a sauce of concentrated soy sauce, dashi and mirin poured over it).
Wagyu simply means Japanese beef. And when it comes to Japanese beef, Kobe beef is what makes all the gourmets in the world especially excited. Kobe beef is from a black cattle Tajima breed raised exclusively in – guessed it – Kobe area (Hyogo prefecture).
The meat is tender, flavourful and perfectly marbled with fat like a web, which is the secret behind its unique taste. The highest quality meat is labelled as A5. The rumour has it the cows are fed beer and massaged with sake…
Whether you decide to believe it or not, the fact is it tastes heavenly.
You can taste wagyu in different forms, for example, sukiyaki (beef slices simmered in a soy-sauce and rice wine-based broth in a hot pot, together with veggies, dipped into the raw egg before eating – definitely recommended for cold evenings), yakiniku (read in the next paragraphs) or simply as a steak, typically prepared on teppan (iron griddle) in teppanyaki restaurants.
The first teppanyaki restaurant opened in 1945 – perhaps not surprisingly – in Kobe.
For some amazing teppanyaki experience, we recommend Misono (2 restaurants in Tokyo, in Ginza and Shinjuku).
It ain’t cheap, with Kobe beef course meal setting you back a bit more than 200 EUR (220 USD), but the gourmet experience is unforgettable.
Reservations are strongly recommended, the lunch menu is still excellent and cheaper.
Udon and Soba
We’re talking about extremely popular noodle dishes here. Udon are thick noodles made of wheat flour while soba are somewhat thinner buckwheat flour noodles.
They are served in various ways, such as with dipping sauces or with tempura – our preferred way.
Ever wondered how the Japanese manage to happily slurp on the broth and noodles without getting a single stain on their snow-white shirt?
Well, watch and learn, or at least watch and enjoy 😊
Another extremely popular noodle dish, consisting of broth (usually pork, but chicken or fish are popular as well) with noodles, meat and various toppings, such as egg, spring onions, bamboo shots, etc.
Ramen also often comes served with gyoza – little dumplings with various fillings as a side dish.
It is quite common to order ramen from a vending machine, print your ticket and present it at the counter where your ramen will be served.
The popularity of this dish means that there are numerous places where to happily slurp it away, from kiosks at shopping malls to Michelin-starred restaurants.
Nakiryu in Tokyo is one of the Michelin restaurants serving ramen, and for about 10 EUR (11 USD) you can enjoy your Michelin-starred noodle delicacy. Expect queues, as reservations are not possible and the place is tiny.
This is a savoury Japanese pancake-omelet-pizza-thing, prepared on a griddle (teppan) and filled with shredded cabbage and various toppings which include meat and seafood.
Trust us, it definitely tastes much better than it sounds. 🙂
Related: one day in Hiroshima itinerary
This is not a dish by itself, but rather refers to Japanese haute cuisine.
A typical kaiseki meal will be a multi-course feast, a delicate piece of art. It will attack your senses – your taste buds will explode with pleasure, your eyes will be delighted, your soul will be catapulted to a state of extreme happiness and you will never want this attack to end.
According to the Michelin Guide, it usually consists of 9 courses:
- Sakizuke: usually something pickled
- Hassun: marks the seasonality of the meal
- Suimono: a soup course made with a dashi broth base; it is revered as the most important course in a kaiseki sequence—and the mark of a chef’s ability
- Tsukuri: a sashimi course
- Yakimono: a grilled course
- Takiawase: a simmered dish, typically of vegetables mixed with some meat
- Shokuji: a rice course (gohan), served with miso soup and pickles
- Mizugashi or Mizumono: a platter of Japanese sweets or fruits
We suggest sampling kaiseki in a great ryokan during our 10-day Japan itinerary.
Get inspired also by our detailed post about staying in a ryokan.
This term simply translates as grilled meat.
With various cuts of beef being the most popular, your yakiniku experience will look like this: you sit at your table, equipped with your private grill, order your meat and the dipping sauces, and happily let your meal sizzle on the grill while enjoying some local beer and then enjoy the heavenly feast.
Japanese barbeque at its best.
We recommend Han No Daidokoro, close to Hachiko exit of Shibuya Station in Tokyo.
Fugu (blowfish, puffer fish)
Fugu is considered a luxury food in Japan.
This famously-poisonous-if-prepared-incorrectly delicacy can only be prepared by licensed chefs who take up to three years of training (and only a third of the trainees successfully pass the final test).
It’s not for the faint-hearted and it’s not for the Emperor, either – in fact, this is the only meal that the Japanese Emperor is prohibited by law to eat.
For fugu virgins, tecchiri (fugu hot pot with fugu meat, veggies and mushrooms in a dashi broth, also called fugu chirinabe), fugu karaage (deep-fried bits of fugu) and fugu sashimi are all good options.
Green tea is very popular, with many restaurants serving a cup with the meal for free.
Enjoy a cup of delicious sencha or matcha with any meal or perhaps during a Japanese tea ceremony.
When it comes to something stronger, beer and sake (rice wine) are always a good choice, plum wine is popular as well.
Finally let’s mention izakaya, Japanese pubs.
These are informal places to come to with friends, enjoy some drinks and grab a bite to eat – perhaps a piece of sashimi or grilled meat or some pickles.
A word of caution – smoking is usually allowed inside.
Hm, so how about that? Already feeling hungry? Try these amazing Japanese dishes during your visit to Japan.
Get inspired by our 10 day Japan itinerary, where you’ll find not just the complete itinerary but also many recommended restaurants where to enjoy the famous Japanese food.
Which of the foods are you most excited to try?